Fataawa of Shaikh al-Albaanee (رحمه الله)
Author: Shaikh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee
Source: al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21
Translator: Abu Maryam Isma’eel Alarcon
Questions on 'Hadeeth
- Question: Some people have been quoting you that you finally settled with declaring the hadeeth of Shahr Ibn Haushab as being hasan (sound)! Is there any basis to this report?
Answer: There is no source to this report that can be traced back to me. Thus it is like the many sayings that have been attributed to me, yet have no basis to it!! However, it is possible that the person who quoted this report became confused with the fact that I deem the hadeeth of Shahr as being hasan when it occurs as a supporting witness (to another hadeeth) or in succession to other reports.
And so he probably thought that I deem them to be hasan by themselves. And there is no doubt that there is a difference between these two things. [Al-Asaalah, Issue #1]
- Question: What is meant by the hadeeth: "Beware of the (women who is like) green fertilizer?"
Answer: I would first like to point out, before answering the question, that this hadeeth is very weak, in fact, it is fabricated. So because of this, we will respond to the question from a linguistic point of view. And if not, then the matter is as is said in colloquial terms: "Why all this ceremony for a dead person (?)" because the hadeeth is very weak and fabricated.
The word dimn (fertilizer) refers to the animal feces and droppings that is accumulated and piled layer over layer, and which is affected by some moisture and humidity. So this product causes plants to sprout out from it and for them to grow at a rapid rate. So what is intended by this - as is stated in the hadeeth itself, which we said was weak - is the beautiful (good-mannered) woman, but she comes from a bad upbringing (i.e. origin). This is why it is stated in the hadeeth: "Beware of the (women who is like) green fertilizer." [Al-Asaalah, Issue #10]
- Question: There is a hadeeth that states: "May Allaah bless the smooth-skinned woman" and another one that states: "Verily, you are in a time in which whoever abandons a tenth for the sake of his Religion, he will be saved." What are there sources and what is the extent of their authenticity?
Answer: The first hadeeth: "May Allaah bless the smooth-skinned woman" has no source to it. Nor is it possible that you will find such an alteration as this one in the religious texts. And that is because a woman's being smooth-skinned or her being hairy is something that no one has any ability or power over. This is the creation of Allaah. And this (hadeeth) is comparable to some fabricated ahaadeeth, which have condemnation in them for one group of the human race, describing them with attributes through which black cannot be distinguished from white. So it is possible that a white person can be from these bad attributes just as it is possible that a black person can be from it.
But a person's being smooth-skinned or hairy and his having a white complexion or a black complexion, all of this is just like his being either tall or short - he is neither praised nor condemned for any of these things. This is especially the case if this issue is based upon race. Some of us look towards the black person with a look of contempt because of the blackness of their skin. And perhaps some black people look towards white people with that same kind of look. And in a well-known expression, they call them "zanbras" meaning leper.
These are matters based on race. With regard to all of the human being, it is impossible to put praise or dispraise upon anything that he has no control over. Indeed, the praise and dispraise is only for that which is produced by this adult human being, regardless of whether he is white, black, smooth-skinned or hairy.
As for the hadeeth: "Verily, you are in a time...", it has been reported by At-Tirmidhee with a weak chain or narration. However, some of the others (scholars of hadeeth) have reported it with a different wording. It is transmitted in Silsilat Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. [Al-Asaalah, Issue #19]
- Question: What is the relationship between the Science of Fiqh and the Science of Hadeeth? And is the Muhaddith required to be a Faqeeh or just a Muhaddith only?
Answer: The Faqeeh is required to be a Muhaddith while the Muhaddith is not required to be a Faqeeh. This is because the Muhaddith is a Faqeeh automatically due to the nature of his condition.
Did the Companions of Allaah's Messenger, (صلى الله علیه وسلم), used to study Fiqh or not? And what was the Fiqh that they used to study? It is that which they used to take from the Messenger of Allaah, (صلى الله علیه وسلم) (i.e. the hadeeth). So they were in fact studying the hadeeth.
As for those Fuqahaa who study the opinions of the scholars and their Fiqh, while not studying the hadeeth of their Prophet, (صلى الله علیه وسلم), who is the source of Fiqh, it must be said to them: "You must study the Science of Hadeeth." This is since we cannot imagine there being a correct Fiqh without knowledge of the hadeeth, memorizing them, authenticating them and declaring them weak. And at the same time, we cannot imagine there being a Muhaddith that is not a Faqeeh.
Thus, the Qur'aan and the Sunnah are the source for all of the Fiqh. As for the Fiqh that is commonly known today then it is the Fiqh of the scholars and not the Fiqh of the Book and the Sunnah. Yes, some of it exists in the Book and the Sunnah, but some of it consists purely of opinions and scholarly deductions. However, in much of these (opinions and deductions), there is a contradiction on their part with the hadeeth, for they were not able to encompass all the knowledge of it. [Al-Asaalah, Issue #7]