The Obligation of Fasting
In the name of Allaah, the most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
Fasting is an obligation, which Allaah prescribed on every Muslim that is sane and has reached the age of puberty. Allaah says:
The specified time when it becomes obligatory is the month of Ramadaan of every year. Allaah says:
Fasting in the month of Ramadaan is one of the pillars of Islaam. The Prophet said:
So whoever breaks his fast intentionally in the month of Ramadaan without a valid Islamic excuse, he has destroyed one of the pillars of Islaam and stepped into the realm of great danger.
The person who is fasting abstains from food, drink and sexual intercourse with his wife – intending worship by that – from dawn until sunset. So when the sun sets, all of these things become permissible for him. Allaah says:
And Allaah says in the same ayah:
The word “Muslim” includes both male and female.
The place for the intention is the heart, so it should not be pronounced (on the tongue).
Author: Shaykh Abu Haatim Usaamah Ibn ‘Abdil-Lateef Al-Qoosee
Translator: Abu Maryam Isma'eel Alarcon