He is the noble Shaikh Dr. Saalih Ibn Fawzaan Ibn Abdullaah from the family of Fawzaan from the people/tribe of ash-Shamaasiyyah. He was born in 1354H (1933 AD). His father died when he was young so he was brought up by his family.
He learned the Noble Qur'aan, the basics of reading and writing with the Imaam of the masjid of the town, who was a definitive reciter, Shaikh Hamood Ibn Sulayman at-Talal, who was later made a judge in the town of Dariyyah (not Dar'iyyah in Riyadh) in the region of Qaseem.
He later studied at the state school when it opened in ash-Shamaasiyyah in the year 1369H (1948). He completed his studies at the Faysaliyyah school in Buraydah in the year 1371H (1950) and was then appointed a school teacher. Then he joined the educational institute in Buraydah when it opened in the year 1373H (1952), and graduated from there in the year 1377H (1956).
He then joined the Faculty of Sharee'ah at the University of Imaam Muhammad in Riyadh and graduated from there 1381H (1960). Thereafter he gained his Masters degree in fiqh, and later a Doctorate from the same faculty, also specializing in fiqh.
After his graduation from the Faculty of Sharee'ah, he was appointed a teacher within the educational institute in Riyadh, then transferred to teaching in the Faculty of Sharee'ah. Later, he transferred to teaching at the Department for Higher Studies within the Faculty of the Principles of the Religion (usool ad-deen). Then he transferred to teaching at the Supreme Court of Justice, where he was appointed the head. He then returned to teaching there after his period of headship came to an end. He was then made a member of the Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, where he continues to this day.
The noble Shaikh is a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, and member of the Fiqh Committee in Makkah (part of ar-Raabitah), and member of the Committee for Supervision of the Callers (du'aat) in Hajj, whilst also presiding over (his main role) membership of the Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa. He is also the Imaam, khateeb and teacher at the Prince Mut'ib Ibn 'Abdul-'Azeez Masjid in al-Malzar.
He also takes part in corresponding to questions on the radio program "Noorun 'alad-Darb" (Light along the Path), as he also takes part in contributing to a number of Islaamic research publications at the Council for Islaamic Research, Studies, Theses and Fataawa which are then collated and published. The noble Shaikh also takes part in supervising a number of theses at the Masters degree and Doctorate level. He has a number of students of knowledge who frequent his regular gatherings and lessons.
He himself studied at the hands of a number of prominent scholars and jurists, the most notable of whom were:
- Shaikh Abdul-Azeez Ibn Baaz (d. 1420H),
- Shaikh Abdullaah Ibn Humayd (rahimahullaah),
- Shaikh Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeetee (d. 1393H)
- Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq 'Afeefee (rahimahullaah),
- Shaikh Saalih Ibn Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sukaytee,
- Shaikh Saalih Ibn Ibraaheem al-Bulayhee,
- Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Subayyal,
- Shaikh Abdullaah Ibn Saalih al-Khulayfee,
- Shaikh Ibraaheem Abdul-Muhsin,
- Shaikh Hamood Ibn Aqlaa and,
- Shaikh Saalih Alee an-Naasir.
He also studied at the hands of a number of scholars from al-Azhar University (Egypt) who specialized in hadeeth, tafseer and Arabic language.
In Da'wah Shaikh Saalih Fawzaan has played a major role in calling to Allaah and teaching, giving fatwa, khutbahs and knowledgeable refutations.
His books number many, however the following are just a handful which include:
- Al-Irshaad ilas-Saheehil-I'tiqaad,
- al-Mulakhkhas al-Fiqhee,
- Foods and the Rulings regarding Slaughtering and Hunting, which is part of his Doctorate
- At-Tahqeeqaat al-Mardiyyah in inheritance, which is part of his Masters degree
- Rulings relating to the Believing Women, and
- A refutation of Yusuf Qaradawi's book 'al-Halaal wal-Haraam'.